ROUTE OF THE CALIPHATE OF CORDOBA
The Route of the Caliphate of El Legado Andalusi joins the cities of Cordoba and Granada through the lands of Jaén. The route runs through a beautiful and fertile countryside and links many villages with a large monumental and artistic heritage and places that witnessed the relationship in peace and conflict between Muslim and Christian kingdoms.
It engarza alcazabas, castles, fortresses in part Arab and in part Christian leaned out from the tops of the mountains. The traveller will also be able to admire the beautiful and rugged landscapes of the Natural Park of the Subbetic Mountains of Cordoba. In this environment we find steep and rugged slopes along with meadows and banks where you can make quiet excursions following old paths.
This road that joins the capitals of al-Andalus califal and nazarí -Córdoba and Granada- was one of the busiest in the Iberian Peninsula during the Middle Ages, it was traveled by merchants from all over the known world who supplied and traded with these important population centers; it was also the road of knowledge, sciences and arts.
Cordoba was the wisdom capital of the Muslim West during the Caliphate period. It was one of the most advanced cities of its time, and according to the description of CH. E. Dufourq: "At no time, neither Rome nor Paris, the most populated cities of the Christian medieval West, came even close to the splendour of Cordoba, the largest urban nucleus of medieval Europe".
With this memory, the Route of the Caliphate aims to strengthen a link between the three provinces through which it runs -Córdoba, Jaén and Granada- and wants to act as a motor for development of the populations and areas that compose it. The Nasrid capital, Granada, and the Alhambra, the most precious jewel of Hispanic-Muslim architecture, are the final point of this Route.
The settlements of different civilizations, and their remote antiquity, give Granada the character of a cultural melting pot that is perceptible in the numerous monuments from different historical periods. The refined Andalusian spirit, evident in the architectural manifestations and gardens of the time, the language of the stones of the Renaissance monuments and the apparent fragility of the Flamboyant Gothic form a polyhedral space that always ends up captivating the traveller.